What Is Lubricating Grease?

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Effectively the limited reply is that grease is a lubricant included to a thickening agent to sort a semi-solid lubricating item and that is an alright answer but really…grease is sooo considerably much more!

Human beings have been lubricating (greasing) factors for millennia. The earliest greases ended up simply animal and vegetable fats. Lithium grease guess what! These sorts of greases are still employed for specific issues.

These days although when an individual asks about lubricating grease they are generally referring to a solution used to lubricate shut bearing methods or other shut or hard to lubricate devices this sort of as pivot details on steering equipment or large gear.

The base oil or lubricant part of grease is most generally either petroleum or synthetic oil of varying viscosities although there are other less well know base lubricants utilised in grease, largely for industrial applications these kinds of as silicones and flouroether’s

The foundation oil of grease is normally the very first thing to consider when choosing grease for a distinct software. The factors to be regarded as when deciding on grease are, operating velocity, the temperature range that the equipment operates and overall load.

Now on to thickening agents, the things that can make a base oil “look” like grease. By significantly the most common thickening agent is lithium soap, the term “cleaning soap” indicating a metallic salt of a fatty acid. This metallic salt kinds an emulsion with the foundation oil, meaning they are blended with each other but not chemically combined.

Aside from lithium, there are a lot of distinct thickening agents that let grease to be tailor-made for thousands of diverse applications. These consist of other metallic soaps such as calcium, sodium and, aluminum.

These in change can be mixed with complexing agents to type lithium complicated, calcium complicated or aluminum complex greases. Complexing brokers include security and performance increases like rising the high and minimal temperature functionality of the grease or make it far more water resistant.

Some non-metallic soap thickening agents are various polymers, polyurea’s, natural clay’s, silica and carbon black

Now on to the additive package. When grease is created a variety of additive are combined in to make the grease work properly beneath various conditions.

Maritime grease designed for a salt drinking water setting for example will integrate potent rust and corrosion inhibitors. Grease employed in high temperature apps will frequently integrate oxidation inhibitors to maintain the grease from degrading below the outcomes of heat. Grease’s meant for intense strain scenarios will typically include some sort of solid lubricant this kind of as molybdenum or graphite. The solids form a sacrificial layer under severe force and large loads that aid stop metallic to metal contact and the attendant use that triggers.

Grease that is made to be employed on open gears or unsealed hinge factors will at times integrate a takifying agent to result in it to cling to the metallic floor and not be slung off in the scenario of open gears or squeezed out so conveniently in the scenario of hinge points on tools that have high hundreds this sort of as the hinge details on the arm of a backhoe.

Actually, properly formulated grease’s will normally have a mixture of these additives. Oxidation inhibitors, rust and corrosion inhibitors, anti-dress in components like zinc or intense pressure additives like molybdenum to make the completed product a well rounded one particular that performs its operate well.

A fantastic instance of properly rounded grease made for a particular business use is Amsoil’s new synthetic polymeric off highway grease which combines an more than-based mostly calcium-sulfonate complicated thickener and proprietary artificial polymeric technology to supply extraordinary efficiency in large duty off-highway applications this kind of as earth transferring, mining and design equipment.


Greased components on this variety of weighty gear are subjected to substantial loads accompanied by affect and shock loading. The heavy substantial effect loads common to off-highway equipment forces all of that load (stress) on to areas where the tools pivots, relying on the grease to stop metallic-to-metal speak to.


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